Jankevicius put forward the proposal at an informal meeting of EU justice and interior ministers in Zagreb, the Lithuanian Justice Ministry said on Thursday.

The initiative aims to protect Lithuanian judges and prosecutors involved in the January 1991 crackdown case. Russia officially accuses them of "unlawful prosecution" of its citizens".

"As shown by the Russian Federation's actions against Lithuanian judges and prosecutors, which led to the adoption of the European Parliament's resolution last November, it is very important to enhance specific legal instruments to protect our citizens from abuses of international law by a third country," Jankevicius said.

According to the minister, a politically motivated criminal prosecution process launched by a third country may lead to attempts to involve Interpol in it and make use of bilateral and multilateral cooperation agreements.

The aim of Russia's process against the Lithuanian prosecutors and judges is to restrict their rights and question or arrest them, the minister said.

"Let us not forget that Lithuanian judges are judges of the whole European Union," he said. "However, any citizen of EU member states may find themselves in such a situation."

Fourteen civilians were killed and hundreds more were wounded when the Soviet troops stormed the TV Tower and the Radio and Television Committee building in Vilnius in the early hours of January 13, 1991.

In March 2018, a Vilnius court convicted former Soviet Defense Minister Dmitry Yazov and more than 60 other former Soviet officials and military officers of war crimes and crimes against humanity for their roles in the Soviet crackdown on Lithuania's independence drive. The majority of them were handed prison sentences in absentia.

In July of that year, Russia opened criminal proceedings against the Lithuanian judges and prosecutors involved in the January 13 case.

The European Parliament adopted last November a resolution calling on Russia to terminate the criminal proceedings, describing Moscow's actions as politically motivated and illegitimate.